The original twelve Amendments to the
United States Constitution.
1st Amendment: The 5 freedoms: speech, press, religion, assembly, petition
2nd Amendment: Right to bear arms (to protect the people against a government that becomes too powerful.)
3rd Amendment: No quartering of soldiers.
4th Amendment: No unreasonable searches and seizures without a warrant; right to privacy
5th Amendment: Due process, eminent domain, no double jeopardy, right to remain silent (you can’t be forced to testify against yourself) and the right to be tried by a grand jury for a capital offense.
6th Amendment: Right to a speedy trial
7th Amendment: Right to a trial by a jury of your peers; no lawsuits under $20
8th Amendment: No cruel and unusual punishment
9th Amendment: Any rights not explicitly listed are automatically given to the people. (Meant to appease the Anti-Federalists)
10th Amendment: Any powers not explicitly listed are automatically given to the states.
11th Amendment: When states sue other states, it automatically goes before the Supreme Court. Residents of one state cannot sue another state. Another country can’t sue the US and vice verse.
12th Amendment: Creates a ticket for the presidency where the president and VP are elected together.
13th Amendment: Abolishes slavery and gives congress the power to enforce abolition through legislation.
14th Amendment: Defines citizens as people born in the US and prohibits the states from denying due process and equal protection under the law. Also states that the value of the debt must always be paid and honored, and cannot be questioned. Also excludes women from voting.
15th Amendment: Voting rights will not be based on race
16th Amendment: Establishes an Income Tax
17th Amendment: Direct election of senators
18th Amendment: Prohibition
19th Amendment: Woman’s Suffrage
20th Amendment: Shortens the lame duck period by moving
the presidential inauguration from March to January
21st Amendment: Ends the Prohibition by repealing the
22nd Amendment: Limits the President to two terms in office
23rd Amendment: Washington DC is NOT a state, but gets
3 electoral votes
24th Amendment: Outlaws poll taxes
25th Amendment: Outlines the direct line of succession for the presidency
26th Amendment: Lowers the voting age to 18
27th Amendment: Congress can’t give itself a pay raise
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Amendments to the Constitution